This information is useful for children, adults, and older adults
People following the news about SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes the disease COVID-19,
might think coronaviruses are a new disease. But the truth is that doctors first identified coronaviruses in the 1960s, and there are now seven known coronaviruses.
Though these coronaviruses vary in severity, all have the potential to cause respiratory illness.
Some cause illnesses as simple as the common cold, while others are more serious, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS),
a deadly disease that sickened more than 8,000 people and caused almost 800 deaths before it was contained in 2003.
There are no cures for coronaviruses. So, as is the case whenever a new threat emerges, it’s important to follow specific public health recommendations.
Doctors advise taking the same precautions you would to avoid a cold or flu, including meticulous handwashing and being cautious around people who are sick.
The severity of COVID-19 infection ranges from mild to severe. Common symptoms have included: COVID-19,
the disease caused by the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), continues to spread around the world, Individual risk for the disease is dependent on exposure,
Below is a list of five things you should know about the coronavirus outbreak.
1.Fever (of >100.4 F)
3. Sore throat in some people
4. Difficulty breathing that can be severe enough to cause people to seek hospital care
Officials are urging patients to stay home and contact a health care provider (or hospital emergency room) for guidance if they experience fever, cough, or difficulty breathing,
and if they have had contact with a confirmed COVID-19 patient and/or traveled from a hard-hit area within 14 days of the onset of illness.
The CDC also recommends the following preventive actions:
- Wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap isn’t available, use a hand sanitizer with at least 60 percent alcohol.
- Stay home if you’re sick
- Avoid touching nose, eyes, and mouth. Use a tissue to cover a couch or sneeze, then dispose of it in the trash
- Use a household wipe or spray to disinfect doorknobs, light switches, desks, keyboards, sinks, and other objects and surfaces that are frequently touched
As for masks, there is little evidence supporting their widespread use for people who are not sick.“Masks may provide a modest degree of protection against fluids, including spray from a cough or sneeze,
and they provide some filtration of the air.
But, since the masks do not provide a tight seal around the wearer’s nose and mouth, much of the air inhaled and exhaled remains unfiltered.”
However, the CDC does recommend face masks for people who have symptoms of COVID-19, as well as for health care workers and others who may be caring for them.